Family of William Clirehugh (1797–1864)

My mother was Marion Clirehugh. She was the fourth generation of Clirehughs in America. Her great-grandfather moved in 1834 from Edinburgh, Scotland to New York City, New York. Vair Clirehugh was 36 when he moved his wife and two children to NY. He resumed his business as a wig maker and barber and had three more children.

William Clirehugh, the subject of this page, was the second child of William Clirehugh and Margaret Meldrum, he was born in Scotland. He was the older brother of my great-great-grandfather Vair. He married twice, had three children, only one of which survived to adulthood—William Palin Clirehugh. The son moved to England and founded a major insurance company. William followed his son to England sometime between 1841 and 1851.

Other Documents

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At A Glance

In the Beginning

1. William Clirehugh, lived in Edinburgh, Scotland in the 1700s and 1800s. He is my great-great-great grandfather.
first wife Margaret Meldrum, married 1794 Edinburgh, Scotland
second wife Margaret Paterson, married 1810 Edinburgh, Scotland

First Generation

1.1 William Clirehugh (1797–1864) born Scotland, died England
  m1. Jane(t) Dove (1811– ) born Scotland
  m2. Mary (Able) Knowles (1806–1880) born England, married Scotland, died England

Second Generation

1.1.1 William Palin Clirehugh (1830–1920) born Scotland, lived in England
  m. Laura Ann Adams Farr (1829–1893) born England
1.1.2 Vair Clirehugh (1832–1838) born Scotland
1.1.3 daughter Clirehugh (1839–1839) born Scotland

Third Generation Anne Maria Clirehugh (1857–1874) born England William George Clirehugh (1859–1900) born England
  m. Lilla Linton (1857–1931) born and lived in England Laura Constance Clirehugh (1861–1936) born England
  m. William Dickson Winterbottom (1858–1924) born England Beatrice Mary Clirehugh (1863–1878) born England Stamford Vair Clirehugh (1868–1943) born England
  m. Emma Warner (Sleigh) Lacey (1870–1929) born England

List of Family Members

1.1 William CLIREHUGH b. 2-7-1797 Edinburgh, Scotland
bap. 2-23-1797 Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh, Scotland
m1. 1-4-1830 Jane(t) DOVE at Parish of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Scotland
m2. 12-6-1835 Mary KNOWLES at Dundee, Scotland
d. 9-9-1864 #2 Prospect Villas, Twickenham, England (near London) age 67
bur. 9-13-1864 All Souls Cemetery, London (now known as Kensal Green Cemetery)

Parents: William Clirehugh and Margaret Meldrum.

William Palin Clirehugh, b. 8-20-1830 Edinburgh, d. 6-28-1920 Aston Hall, Aston on Trent, Derbyshire, England
Vair Clirehugh, b. 11-14-1832 Dundee, d. 1-5-1838 Dundee
daughter Clirehugh, b. 8-19-1839 Edinburgh, d. 8-19-1839 Edinburgh

A William Clirehugh was cited in "The Commercial Directory, of Scotland, Ireland, and the most Northern Counties of England, for 1820 & 22" as baker at 55 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh.
At time of marriage in 1830 he was described as baker, lived in St. Cuthbert's Glebe Lothian Road, Edinburgh. Bride Jane Dove lived at #3 Carnegie Street, Edinburgh.
In 1832 he was cited in the Post Office Annual Directory as a bread and biscuit baker at 41 Buccleuch Street.
He was cited in Gray's Annual Directory for 1832-33 as a bread and biscuit maker at 41 Buccleuch Street.
In 1835 lived in Dundee.
The 8-19-1839 birth of a still-born daughter of William Clirehugh was recorded in St. Cuthbert's Parish, Edinburgh; buried Megginch's Tomb. The parents of this child are unknown, but this William C. is my best guess.
In 1839 was the Manager of the Dundee and Leith Steam Packet Company. That company operated two steam ships between Dundee and Leith (Edinburgh), the Bonnie Dundee and Modern Athens. William's name appeared in ads in The Scotsman newspaper. The Bonnie Dundee was a 130-ton steamship built in 1837; another ship of this name was built in 1855 by Fyffe Co.
FWIW: In 1847 the Hull & Leith Steam Packet Co. merged with the Edinburgh & Dundee Steam Packet Co. to become the Forth & Clyde Shipping Co.
In June 6, 1841 William lived on Victoria Square in Dundee with wife Mary F (34, born England), son William P (11), and a 15-year old apothecary apprentice; clerk. Father and son were born in Scotland, but not Dundee's county.
In 1842 he was cited in the Dundee Directory as Shore-dues Office, 1 Dock Street.
In 1844, 1846, and 1850 he was cited in the Dundee Directory as "Clireheugh" clerk, Shore Dues Office; home at 6 Victoria Square, Nethergate. He was not in the 1864 directory.
In 1851 lived on Victoria Square in Dundee with wife Mary and one servant; clerk in Shore Dues Office.
In 1853 cited in the Dundee Directory as a clerk at Dundee Shore Dues Office living in Newport. Newport lies on the Firth of Tay opposite Dundee and was one of its finest suburbs. At the time Newport was chiefly occupied by merchants and others connected by business with Dundee; they commuted by steamship. The port generated revenue for its upkeep by collecting shore dues on incoming merchandise.
In 1855 he owned a house and garden at #190 in Woodmuir Park, Forgan as well as a second house at that address occupied by Mrs. Scott, both built by John Just of Newport, and valued at 26. Mrs. Scott may have been related to his sister-in-law, Mary Ann (Scott) Clirehugh; this is an interesting mystery. Another provocative angle is that William's sister Helen (Clirehugh) Thompson died in Woodmuir Park in 1857; perhaps she was a tenant or neighbor.
In 1861 lived in Newport, Forgan Parish, Fife, Scotland at #1 Green Bank with wife Mary (55, born Enland) and one servant; collector and Treasurer to the Trustees of the Harbour of Dundee.
Will dated 7-10-1862 names wife Mary Able and son William Palin Clirehugh, Manager of the London and Lancashire Insurance Company, and residing in Highbury New Park, London. Owned lands. But probate record said "effects under 300."
Death is in index for Brentford, where his descendants lived. He was buried in All Souls Cemetery, in Kensington and Chelsea Borough, which was owned by the General Cemetery Company. This cemetery is now called the Kensal Green (All Souls) Cemetery in London on Harrow Road, established in 1833.

One surprise for me with this family is the baptism of his first child in a non-conformist church.

1.1 -1 Jane(t) DOVE b. 10-25-1811 Edinburgh, Scotland
m. 1-4-1830 William CLIREHUGH at Parish of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Scotland

Parents: James DOVE and Ann ROSS, married 12-6-1810 Canongate Parish, Edinburgh. James' father was John DOVE per marriage record; weaver, lived in Parish of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh.
The only records I have for Janet are a birth record for sons William and Vair Clirehugh and a marriage record. She was named Jean Dow in the birth/baptism record of son William, her husband's name is given as William Cleriheugh.

1.1 -2 Mary (ABLE) KNOWLES b. abt. 1806 Worcester, England
m1. 8-22-1825 John KNOWLES at Hartlebury, Worcester, England
m2. 12-6-1835 William CLIREHUGH at Dundee, Scotland as "Mary Knowles"
d. 4Q 1880 Brentford, Middlesex, England

The 1851 census gives Mary Clirehugh's age (45) and birth place (England). At that time she lived in Dundee with her husband.
Wife Mary Able was named in William's will.
In 1871 lived in Twickenham, Middlesex at 2 Prospect Villas; age 65, an annuitant, born Worcester; with 14-year-old servant Ann Strongharm.
In 1878 a Mrs. Clirehugh lived in Twickenham, Middlesex at 2 Prospect Villas, Hampton Road (the same address where her husband died).

My theory as of 10-2015 is that Mary's marriage to William Clirehugh was her second, as a first marriage at age 30 is unusual. So I think that Able was her maiden name and Knowles her first married name. I also guess that Mr. Knowles died about 1834 near Dundee, why else would an Englishwoman be living there? I do not know for sure that the 1825 marriage is for the woman who became Mary Clirehugh, but the surnames and location fit my theory.

1.1.1 William Palin CLIREHUGH b. 8-20-1830 Scotland (probably Edinburgh)
bap. 9-20-1830 Bread Street United Presbyterian Church, Edinburgh, Scotland
m. 6-14-1856 Laura Ann Adams FARR at Parish church, Stoke Newington, London, England by license
d. 6-28-1920 Aston Hall, Aston on Trent, Derbyshire (daughter's home)
bur. 7-2-1920 West Norwood Cemetery, Lambeth, London

He was well known for founding a major English insurance company.
He received his early training in actuarial and life insurance science and practice in Scotland, and he worked with Jenkin Jones, Actuary to the National Mercantile Life Assurance Society.
He left Scotland for England where he was appointed Accountant in the London office of the National Mercantile Life Assurance Company. Later he was the Actuary and Manager of the Queen Insurance Company which had offices in Liverpool and London; he lived in both cities. Beginning in 1862 he became Manager, Actuary, and Secretary for the London and Lancashire Life Assurance Company, which posts he held until retirement in 1908. He was a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries (F.I.A.) and Fellow of the Statistical Society (F.S.S.).

Anne Marie Clirehugh, b. 4-21-1857 London, England
William George Clirehugh, b. 4-20-1859 Liverpool, England
Laura Constance Clirehugh, b. 10-12-1861 Liverpool, England
Beatrice Mary Clirehugh, b. 11-17-1863 London, England
Stamford Vair Clirehugh, b. 1-28-1868 London, England

Until November 2017 I was unsure if he was born in 1830 or 1831, and had written it both ways. Now I found his birth-baptism record which gives his birth year as 1830. Mystery solved.
In 1841 he lived in Dundee with his parents.
In 3-31-1851 lived at 5 Middle Brunswick Terrace in Islington, Middlesex with George and Sarah Marshall, G's mother-in-law, 1 servant, and 1 other unrelated man. Was age 21 (on March 31), accountant in Assurance Corp. office.
In 1856 he was Secretary for the Scottish National Insurance Company.
In 1857 and 1859 lived at 73 Bedford Street, Liverpool.
In April 1859 he was Manager of the Queen Insurance Company according to an advertisement in The Times dated April 11.
In May 1860 he lived at 17 Canning Street.
In 1861 lived in Liverpool with wife Laura Ann and children Ann Maria and William George and 3 servants; he was actuary and manager of an insurance company at 17 Canning Street.
In October 1861 he met with the board of the newly formed London and Lancashire Fire Insurance Company. Based on his impact, they decided to go into the life insurance business with him as manager. He was offered the job in February 1862, whereupon he accepted and resigned from the Queen Insurance Company. The new London and Lancashire Life Assurance Company was publicly announced in May.
On 8-20-1862 he "founded" the London and Lancashire Life Assurance Company. He was the manager, actuary, and secretary of the combined companies. He was the main architect during these formative years, the company's first permanent head official. "The greatest responsibility fell on the shoulders of Mr. Clirehugh."
In that same year, on August 4, he founded The London and Scottish Assurance Corporation for the purpose of granting Insurances upon Lives and Survivorships and other contingencies for the purchase and sale of Endowments, Annuities and Reversionary Interests.
On 2-23-1863 W P Clirehugh was elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries. At the Annual General Meeting on 4 June 1870 he proposed a vote of thanks to the members of the Institute Council.
In 1864 lived in Highbury New Park, London.
In 1867 a reorganization saw the two insurance businesses separate and part ways. Mr. Clirehugh resigned from the fire insurance company and remained as the manager of the life insurance company. He retired as manager in 1906 but remained a board member until his death. During the 1921 annual meeting he was described: his "long experience of insurance and his charm of personality combined made him one of the most interesting figures in the insurance world."
In 1871 lived at 77 Highbury New Park, Islington, London with wife, 5 children, 3 servants; was actuary and manager, age 40.
In 1878 he lived in Kensington, London at 14 Ladbroke Terrace, a house.
In 1881 he and Laura lived in Kensington at 14 Ladbroke Terrace, with 3 servants.
In 1882 lived at 14 Ladbroke terrace, Notting hill, London.
On 8-13-1883 he arrived in NYC on the Servia as a merchant. I believe he came to visit his cousins and do a little business.
In 1891 he lived in 14 Ladbroke Terrace, Kensington, London with wife Laura, son Stamford, and 4 servants.
On 9-2-1893 arrived NYC on the SS Umbria.
In 1901 he lived in 81 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, St. George of Hanover Square (civil parish), London with two servants.
In 1902 and through April 1920 lived at 81 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square W., London; telephone Mayfair 3518. Also cited in October 1920 directory at same address.
January 1906 elected to board of London and Lancashire Life Assurance Company, remained general manager.
On 9-6-1907 arrived Quebec, Canada on ship Victorian.
On 12-31-1908 retired as general manager, elected deputy chairman of the board.
The International Insurance Encyclopedia on Google Books has a nice article on William Palin.
In 1911 lived at 81 Duke Street, Grosvener Square, St. George of Hanover Square (civil parish), London with two servants.
The Times, Friday, 2 Jul 1920: "MR. W. P. CLIREHUGH. A memorial service for Mr. W. P. Clirehugh will take place today at St. Mark's, North Audley-street, to-day at 2.30 p.m."
Will left property to son Stamford Vair Clirehugh esquire. Probate record said "effects 5862."

1.1.1 -1 Laura Ann Adams FARR b. abt. 1829 Mile End, Tower Hamlets, London, England
bap. 11-11-1829 Christ Church Spitalfields, London, Middlesex, England
m. 6-14-1856 William Palin CLIREHUGH at Stoke Newington, London, England
d. 3Q 1893 Kensington district, London, England
bur. 7-10-1893 South Metropolitan Cemetery (Norwood Cemetery), Lambeth, London

Father: George Adams FARR, solicitor, Clerk of the Governors of the Whitechapel Union, and Vestry Clerk in Spitalfields. Born about 1803, died 11-3-1867 at Lordship Road in Stoke Newington, London; his estate was under 600 pounds.
Mother: Ann HAWKIN(S), married on 11-10-1827 at St. Savior, Southwark, Surrey. Ann died between 1867 and 1881. Ann and George had 9 children: 4 sons and 5 daughters. Laura was their second child and eldest daughter.
At the time of her death Laura lived at 14 Ladbroke Terrace, Notting Hill, London. Anne Maria CLIREHUGH b. 4-21-1857 Stoke Newington, London, England
bap. 9-9-1857 St. Bride's Church, Liverpool, England
d. 3Q 1874 Tunbridge district, Kent, Sussex, England age 17
bur. 8-31-1874 South Metropolitan Cemetery (now Norwood Cemetery), Lambeth, London

In 1871 she lived in London.
At the time of her death she lived at 15 St. Johns Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent. William George CLIREHUGH b. 4-20-1859 Liverpool, England
bap. 7-26-1860 St. Bride's Church, Liverpool, England
m. 11-1883 Lilla LINTON in Kensington district, London
d. 4Q 1900 Christchurch, Hampshire, England age 41

Reginald CLIREHUGH, b. 5-13-1884 Seymour Road, Hampton Wick, Middlesex
Hubert Vair CLIREHUGH, b. 8-30-1886 Seymour Road, Hampton Wick, Middlesex
Nora CLIREHUGH, b. 3-8-1890 Stanly Park Road, Kew, Australia

In 1884–1886 lived in Hampton Wick; stockbroker.
In March 1887 William, wife, and 2 children arrived on the steamship Ormuz in Australia as "unassisted immigrants." The ship was built in Glasgow in 1886 by the Orient Steam Navigation Co. The route was London - Gibraltar - Port Said - Suez - Colombo - Albany - Adelaide - Melbourne - Sydney. She sailed from London on her maiden voyage on 2-3-1887.
In April 1887 they lived in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; stock broker.
In 1890 lived in Victoria, Australia; manager of mutual store (?).
On 12-22-1890 he sailed on the steamship Koonya for Strahan, Tasmania, per The (Tasmania) Mercury. This ship was later wrecked on a reef in 1898 in New South Wales.
On 4-30-1898 ship R.M.S. Oratava left Sydney, N.S.W., Australia bound for London with Lilla, Reginald, and Nora.
In 1901 he was cited in the Electoral Register of London living at 9 Lena Gardens, a house, in the Brook Green District of Hammersmith. -1 Lilla LINTON b. 5-14-1857 Kensington, London, England
bap. 8-28-1857 St. John the Evangelist, Notting Hill, London, England
m. 11-1883 William George CLIREHUGH in Kensington district, London
d. 1Q 1931 Staines district, Middlesex, England age 73

Parents: John LINTON (b. 1832 Streatham/Tooting, Surrey), jeweller, and Eliza MORTON (b. 1821), married 4Q 1856 Marleybone, Middlesex. This couple had six children.
Her parental family lived at 61 Ladbroke Road, Kensington when Lilla married. At that time her father-in-law lived across the street, so perhaps Lilla met her husband-to-be in the neighborhood.
In 1901 (per census) she was living with son Reginald.
There are directory entries for a Mrs. Clirehugh. but I'm not sure who she was: In 1907 Mrs. Clirehugh lived at 28 Whitehall Gardens, Ealing, London. Mrs. L. Clirehugh lived at 66 Fordhook Avenue, Ealing, London.
In 1911 Lilla lived in Brentford with her son Reginald.
In 1923 she lived in Spelthorne, Surrey (Staines) at 14 Roseville Road with son Reginald as "Lillian Clirehugh."
In 1930 and after she was "Lilla." Reginald CLIREHUGH b. 5-13-1884 Seymour Road, Hampton Wick, Middlesex, England
bap. 10-6-1886 All Saints in the parish of Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
d. 4Q 1961 Middlesex South, England age 77

At baptism his parents lived in Westwood, Hamptonwich. Father was a stockbroker.
In 1901 (per census) was living with mother.
In 1911 he lived in Brentford with his mother.
In 1916 he enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps (predecessor to Royal Air Force), had service #37621, worked as Driver M T.
In 1931 he lived in Spelthorne, Surrey on Staines Road.
In 1947 he lived in Spelthorne, Surrey at 17 Laleham Road.
He was cited in the Electoral Registers from 1921 to 1960. For most of that time he lived in Spelthorne. His last street address was 17 Laleham Road, where he had lived intermittently; this address is on the east shore of the Thames River upriver from London. Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England; it contains several towns and villages including Staines-upon-Thames which is where Reginald lived.
He served in the Royal Air Force, service # 37621 (1916–1919); as "Driver MT", enlisted 1916. Hubert Vair CLIREHUGH b. 8-30-1886 Seymour Road, Hampton Wick, Middlesex, England
bap. 10-18-1886 All Saints in the parish of Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
d. 4-1-1887 Melbourne, Australia
bur. 4-2-1887 Melbourne, Australia

Died of diarrhea, after 6 days. Died at "Coffee Palace, 1840 Collins Street, City of Melbourne." Buried in New Cemetery; minister was Church of England. Had been 14 days in Victoria at time of death.
NOTE: There are two names cited in FreeBMD: Hubert Vair and Robert Vair. The second is in error, only one child was born. I think the second record was transcribed in error. The birth certificate, which I have, reads "Hubert." Norah CLIREHUGH b. 3-8-1890 Stanly Park Road, Kew, Australia
m. 3Q 1914 Lionel Cyril Paty LUCAS at Brentford, England
d. 1-22-1954 Esperanza Nursing Home, Hartington Place, Eastbourne

In 1901 lived with aunt Laura Winterbottom in Aston Hall, Aston-on-Trent, Derby.
In 1911 she lived in Brentford with her mother.
Marriage recorded as "Norah."

Barbara Mary LUCAS, b. 2Q 1917 Staines, Middlesex; m. 3Q 1946 Arthur Raymond Rand in Kensington
John C. L. LUCAS, b. 1Q 1920 Staines, Middlesex
Her estate was worth 2036, her beneficiary was daughter Barbara.

Son-in-law Arthur graduated from the 121st Officer Cadet Training Unit as a 2nd Lieutenant on 8-31-1940 (recorded in The Gazette). -1 Lionel Cyril Paty LUCAS b. 3Q 1876 in Louth, Lincolnshire
bap. 8-13-1876 at St. James, Louth, London
m. 3Q 1914 Nora CLIREHUGH at Brentford, England
d. 1Q 1939 in Brentford, Middlesex age 62

Parents: Lionel Richard Lucas (1847–1892) and Alice Marion Lucas (1853–1936). This couple married 2Q 1875 in Louth, they were first cousins (which explains the same surnames); they had 8 children in all. The father was born 4Q 1847 Louth and died 9-24-1892 in Louth. His will named his wife as Alice Marion Lucas, he was a solicitor, estate was 1315.

Grandparents: Lionel Richard Lucas (1821–1876) and Anna Maria Bourne (1812–1874). This couple married 4Q 1845 in Spilsby, Lincolnshire and had 3 children: Lionel Richard Lucas, Anna Maria Louisa Lucas (b. 1850), and Ernest Frederick Bourne Lucas (1852–1882). The grandfather died 5-28-1876, he was a wine and spirit merchant. A 61-year old Anna Maria Lucas died 1Q 1874 in Louth.

In 1881 census a Lionel C P Lucas, age 4, lived in Louth, Lincolnshire with parents Lionel R. (33) and Alice M. Lucas (23) and three younger siblings. Father was a solicitor. All born Louth.
In 1891 he lived in Louth at 10 George Street, age 14, with his parents, seven siblings, one governess, and three servants.
In 1901 he lived in Hornsey, Middlesex at 1 Hatherly Gardens with his widowed mother, 6 siblings, 1 niece, and 1 servant. He was 24, a provision merchant's clerk.
In 1911 he lived in Brentford, Middlesex at 50 Fordhook Avenue, Ealing Commons with his widowed mother and 4 siblings. He was 35, a head clerk in a wine business.
In 1931 his partnership with Gilbert Blake Christie as Christie & Lucas, wholesale and retail wine and spirit merchants, was dissolved with Christie continuing the business. Reported in the 5-12-1931 London Gazette.
He was cited in the 1936 Electoral Register for London, in Ealing, with Norah Lucas and Alice Linton. Laura Constance CLIREHUGH
b. 10-12-1861 Liverpool, Lancashire, England
bap. 1-2-1862 St. Bride's Church, Liverpool, England
m. 1-7-1892 William Dickson WINTERBOTTOM in Lancaster Gate, London, England (likely Christ Church)
d. 5-31-1936 Cuckfield Park, Sussex, England

Family lived in London at time of marriage.
The Clirehugh archives contain a newspaper clipping announcing the marriage of Miss Constance Clirehugh, daughter of Mr. P. Clirehugh of 15, Ladbroke-terrace W (London) to Mr. Dickson Winterbottom of Manchester on the 7th (January 1892) by the Rev. Charles Ridgeway at Christ Church, Lancaster-gate. There was an elaborate description of the expensive dress and a photo of the bride.

William Rodney WINTERBOTTOM, b. 9-18-1894 Bakewell, Derbyshire
Nancy Eva Aline WINTERBOTTOM, b. 1-19-1900 Shardlow, Derbyshire

In 1891 she was a visitor at "The Mansion" in Westbury on Trym, Gloucestershire with a family headed by Charles Tagard (38, eldest son of absent family head), merchant; Laura was 25.
In 1901 she lived in Aston Hall, Aston-on-Trent, Derbyshire with children William R. (6) and Nancy S. A. (1), niece Nora Clirehugh (11, born Australia), and 20 servants. Her husband was away visiting his newly widowed brother.
In 1911 she lived in Shardlow, Derbyshire with husband and daughter.
On 8-21-1912 she "took three firsts in the Channel Island classes" (livestock) at the annual Derbyshire Agricultural Show at Derby.
The London Gazette of 4-4-1919 reported Mrs. Constance Winterbottom of Aston Hall was awarded the Royal Red Cross, 2nd. Class by His Majesty the King "in recognition of valuable nursing services under 'The British Red Cross Society' or 'Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England' rendered in connection with the War."
In December 1924, after the death of her husband, she sold Aston Hall and moved to 22 Down Street, W.I. (telephone 2971); she planned to move at the end of the following January to Oakley Place, East Grinstead.
The 1-11-1928 Times reported "Mrs. Winterbottom has left Oakley Place, East Grinstead, for Villa Poralto, Cannes, till the end of April."
The 2-2-1928 Times reported "Mrs. Winterbottom has moved from Villa Poralto, Cannes, to Villa Beaulieu, Cannes, which will be her address till the end of April." Perhaps she went to these locations because Philip Magor was playing polo there, or perhaps that's where daughter Nancy met Philip Magor.
On 1-20-1931 with her daughter she attended the marriage of Mr. R. Akroyd and Mrs. Vivian Henry in Brompton.
By 1932 Laura had settled in Cuckfield Park, a mansion in Cuckfield, West Sussex, 39 miles south of London. Cuckfield Park was the model for William Harrison Ainsworth's famous 1834 romance novel "Rookwood Hall." She had a polo ground there and the family fell in with very smart people like the Magors.
Various family members lived with her at Cuckfield Park including daughter Nancy and her husband Philip Magor.
On 5-15-1932 she opened her gardens at Cuckfield Park to the public in aid of the Queen's Institute of District Nursing.
The 8-5-1933 Times reported "Mrs. Winterbottom has left for Scotland and will not return to Cuckfield Park till the middle of November."
The 6-11-1935 Times reported "Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, has given her patronage to a garden party to be held at Cuckfield Park, Sussex (by permission of Mrs. Winterbottom) on June 28 and 29, in aid of the New Sussex Hospital for Women, Brighton." In a follow-on article the house was described as a "beautiful Elizabethan house."
The executors of her will were her brother Stamford Vair Clirehugh and her son-in-law Philip Magor.
Probate 8-13-1936: "to Stamford Vair Clirehugh of no occupation and Philip Magor retired major H.M. army. Effects 42,179."

Cuckfield Park is described elsewhere. -1 William Dickson WINTERBOTTOM b. 4-22-1858 Broughton, Lancashire
bap. 12-1-1858 Unitarian Church, Manchester, Lancashire
m1. 2Q 1884 Clara Craven FLETCHER in Salford, Lancashire
m2. 1-7-1892 Laura Constance CLIREHUGH in Lancaster Gate, London
d. 4-24-1924 Aston Hall, Aston on Trent, Derbyshire
bur. 4-26-1924

Parents: Archibald WINTERBOTTOM (1814–1884) and Helen WOOLLEY (1820–1896) of Salford, Lancashire.
Had a cotton manufacturing business in Lancashire in northern England. Died a millionaire.
See the Winterbottom family document for details on his family. William Rodney WINTERBOTTOM b. 9-18-1894 Bakewell, Derbyshire
bap. 10-24-1894 Bakewell, Derbyshire
m1. 2-8-1921 Mary Reeve WARD in Bermuda
m2. 7-1-1926 Marjorie GILLEY in St. Martin, London
m3. 3Q 1931 Constance Daisy May HUDSON in St. Martin, London
d. 7-25-1937 Birchington-on-Sea, Kent

Rodney was likely baptized at the parish church, All Saints Church in Bakewell.
Rodney was cited as an Etonian who had served in the Great War. He was a Captain in the Derbyshire Yeomanry, attached to the R.A.F., and wounded in France.
On 6-1-1915 he was promoted from Second Lieutenant to temporary Lieutenant in Derbyshire Yeomanry.

Wife Mary Ward was the daughter of F. Gibson Ward, Esq. of Rosemount, Bermuda. At the time of his marriage, Rodney was a Captain and "late R.A.F." Mary married three times: Col. George Aston Strutt, William Rodney Winterbottom, and Reginald George de Vere Capell, 9th Earl of Essex on 3-2-1937 (they divorced in 1957).

Wife Marjorie Gilley was the only daughter of John Gilley, who died before she married. She lived at Tortington Park, Sussex when she married William. She married a second time 3-17-1932 Lt. Cdr. Nigel John Crossley. She married a third time 7-27-1957 Captain Richard William Ravenhill.

Wife Constance Hudson was born 3Q 1914 in Rotherham, Yorkshire West Riding. Her mother's maiden name was Selby. Constance died in 1995 in Sussex. Her life is detailed in the Winterbottom family document.

Jill Aline Constance WINTERBOTTOM, b. 11-12-1921 Shardlow, Derbyshire

On 11-29-1920 he arrived NY on ship Lapland age 29, aviator, lived Aston Hall in Derby, destination Hamilton, Bermuda.
On 8-13-1930, "Captain in the Derbyshire Yeomanry, of Dane Stream House, Milford-on-Sea, Hants, [he] was committed for trial, charged with driving a motor-car to the danger of the public and feloniously killing Henry Brooks, an engine-driver ... He was allowed bail." On 11-6-1930 he was found guilty of manslaughter, sentenced to six months in prison, and disqualified from holding a driving license for 30 years. "He had previous convictions for motoring offences, and his license had been suspended on three occasions." He was said to have been a Captain in the R.A.F.
On 8-18-1933 he arrived London on ship Rawalpindi from Gibraltar with wife Constance. Their destination was the Midland Grand Hotel in St. Pancras, London. Their last permanent residence was France.
On 3-26-1934 he arrived Avenmouth on ship Ariguani from Kingston, West Indies with wife Constance. Their destination was Cuckfield Park, Sussex. Their last permanent residence was France. He was 39, she 33.
In Feb. 1935 Captain and Mrs. Winterbottom attended the Cheshire Hunt ball in Chester.
William died suddenly at Birchington. At the time of death he lived at The Beresford Hotel Birchington-on-Sea, Kent. Died at The Upton Lodge Nursing Home Birchington-on-Sea Administration.
Probate 9-6-1937 "to Constance Daisy May Winterbottom widow. Effects 11013." Jill Aline Constance WINTERBOTTOM b. 11-12-1921 Shardlow, Derbyshire
m. 8-5-1948 Kenneth Stanley COCKINGS at Bermuda Cathedral
d. 8-5-1954 Bermuda age 32

Mother: Mary Reeve Ward.
Jacqueline Anne COCKINGS, b. 8-26-1949 Bermuda
David Kenneth COCKINGS, b. 10-24-1952 Bermuda

Jill's children were raised by their maternal grandmother. Daughter Jacqueline took her grandparent's surname: Jacqueline Anne Ward.

Kenneth Stanley Cockings was born 4-1-1925 in Leicester, Lincolnshire; parents were George Henry Cockings and Rhoda Stanley. He married Audrey J. Hodgson/Stradling 1Q 1955 in Thanet, Kent. He married two other women and died in Holland in 1989.

See Winterbottom family document for more details. Nancy Eva Aline WINTERBOTTOM b. 1-19-1900 Shardlow, Derbyshire, England
bap. 2-18-1900 Aston upon Trent, Derbyshire, England
m1. 10-12-1921 Walton Victor D'Arcy RUTHERFORD in All Saints Church, Aston-on-Trent, Derbyshire
m2. 9-24-1928 Philip MAGOR in Paris at the English Church, Rue Roquépine
d. 8-24-1982 Tunbridge Wells, Kent

Nancy lived in Oakley Place, East Grimstead (her mother's home) at time of her second marriage.
Don't you wonder how married couples first meet? Was it coincidence that Nancy's father was a big polo fan and Philip Magor was a big polo player? Was it coincidence that Nancy and her mother went to Cannes, France in Spring 1928 where Philip was playing polo?
An October 1928 article in The Times reported "Major and Mrs. Philip Magor have arrived at Newnton Priory, Tetbury, which they have taken for the hunting season." On November 1929 it reported "Major and Mrs. Philip Magor have left for Egypt and will not return to England until April."
On 1-22-1935 Nancy arrived in NYC on the ship Berengaria from Southampton, England. She traveled alone. She lived at Cuckfield Park.
On 11-27-1935 Nancy and Philip arrived in NYC on the ship Aquitania from Southampton; it was a pleasure trip.
She and Philip appear in British phone books. In 1929, 31, and 32 they lived in Newnton. In 1937 and 39 they lived in Cuckfield Park, Sussex (her mother's home).
In May 1937, May 1938, and June 1939 the gardens at Cuckfield Park were opened to the public in aid of the Queen's Institute of District Nursing.
In 1947 a Mrs. Philip Magor lived in White House Cottage, Wimbledon Common, London.
Nancy E. A. Magor, née Winterbottom, was a student of the Arcane School. She co-founded, together with fellow students Michal J. Eastcott and Roberto Assagioli, the Group for Creative Meditation headquartered in Battle, East Sussex. She authored a number of books with Mr. Eastcott. -1 Walton Victor D'Arcy RUTHERFORD b. 2Q 1893 Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales (3-30-1893 or 4-25-1893)
m1. 10-12-1921 Nancy WINTERBOTTOM in All Saints Church, Aston-on-Trent, Derbyshire
m2. 1Q 1930 Gwendolyn E. WILMOT in St. Martin, London; div. 1946
m3. 10-26-1946 Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Collins) HIGGS in Greenwich, CT, USA
d. 1968 Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Known as D'Arcy.
Was eldest son of George Walton RUTHERFORD and Irene Elizabeth GRIFFITHS, and nephew of Colonel John Victor Walton RUTHERFORD of Kiplin Hall, Scorton, Northallerton, Yorkshire. His father was born about 1868 in Lambeth, Surrey (it seems more likely he was born in Newcastle Tyne) and married 3Q 1888 in Gower, Glamorgan, Wales. Colonel J. V. W. (John Victor Walton) Rutherford was in the Royal Army Medical Corps, Staff Corps during WWI; he was born 2Q 1857 in Newcastle Tyne, studied medicine in Edinburgh, married 1891, was a surgeon at the Newcastle Royal Victoria Infirmary, retired to the South of France, and died in Newcastle in 1938, age 88.
His uncle may have been the John V. W. Rutherford who married Ms. Forbes in 1Q 1925 in St George Hanover Square, London.
Sibling: John Hunter RUTHERFORD (1895–1983).

In WWI was in the 3rd Royal Scots Dragoon Guard where he earned a Victory medal and British medal, and a Lt. in the Royal Lancashire Regiment where he earned a Star medal. Served in Gallipoli beginning in May 1915.
In 1920 he lived at Aston Hall in Derbyshire.
The 1922, 1923, and 1924 phone books cite a D'Arcy Rutherford at 2 West Chapel st. W. 1 in London.
The Supplement to the London Gazette of 8-24-1945 reported for the General List, Infantry, Caribbean Section: "Lt. Walton Victor D'Arcy Rutherford (266863) holding a Governor's Comm. in the Colonial Forces of the Caribbean Areas, to be 2nd. Lt., 22nd. Aug. 1942."
A man of his name held Great Britain patent GB418212 for improvements in or relating to helicopter and rotating wing aircraft. The inventors were Audrey Gretchen Coats and Walton Victor D'Arcy Rutherford. The patent application was submitted 4-29-1933. Rutherford lived Gloucester House, Park Lane, London.
This man also held a US patent 2,070,686 for a helicopter and rotating wing aircraft, the application was filed 4-25-1934 and finalized 2-19-1935.
He held a second US patent, 1,992,015 for a rotating wing aircraft.
The 1938 phone book cites a Mrs. D'Arcy Rutherford at 50 Stafford ct, Kensington High st. W. 8, London.
He is mentioned in a Dillon Family Tree on
D'Arcy met Mary Elizabeth Collins Higgs when he went to the Bahamas in 1940 to promote water skiing. He was a pioneer of the sport making the first crossing of the Channel from Dover to Calais on 5-1-1933 pulled by a speed boat while standing on a surfboard holding a rope. It took him 1 hr 40 minutes.
He is fondly remembered as having a particular joie de vivre, loved to dance and play sports of all sorts including golf, tennis, and water skiing.
His role as a proponent of water skiing is described in The Golden Age of Water-Skiing on Google Books.
He had a daughter, Carolyn, with his second wife.
He became a naturalized US citizen.
D'Arcy died 1968 in Kingston, Ontario where he was being cared for in a nursing home. He suffered from dementia or Alzheimer's towards the end of his life.
The US Social Security Death Index cites a Darcy Rutherford born 3-30-1893 who died Jan. 1968 in Central America or East Indies (West Indies?). This is the same man: in 1957 he lived in Nassau, Bahamas and Palm Beach, Florida.
He claimed title to D'Arcy, Sixth Earl of Holdeness, and the Baronies of Conyers, Fauconberg, and Menill; the Barony of D'Arcy de Knayeth. All of these titles were extinct (for lack of a male heir) or in abeyance prior to his birth. -2 Philip MAGOR b. 12-2-1881 Calcutta, India
m. 9-24-1928 Nancy Eva Aline WINTERBOTTOM in Paris at the English Church, Rue Roquépine
d. 1Q 1971 Lewes, Sussex

Father: Richard Manuel Blamey MAGOR b. 4Q 1843 Truro, Cornwall, d. 9-20-1933 Minehead, Somerset. R.M.B.M went to India at age 22. With James Hay Williamson he founded Williamson Magor (WM) in 1869 in Calcutta; WM was a tea business that became very successful.
Mother: Mary KING born about 1846 in Calcutta, died in 1920.
Philip was the youngest son and had nine siblings.
Philip was educated at Rugby. Served with the Remount Department in France during WW I. He was a Major beginning in 1919 and held that title afterwards.

Philip was a polo player. In 1908 he played in Ranelagh, Minehead. I found 537 newspaper articles of his polo playing beginning in 1908 and continuing to 1939. There was a gap from July 1914 to May 1919, presumably for WW I. He played in England, France, and America.
On 1-26-1920 Philip arrived in NYC on the ship Mauretania from Southampton; he traveled alone, single, a farmer, age 38 years 1 month (the basis for determining his birth date). He lived in Ricester, England. His destination was Del Monte, California, which was a Lodge in Monterey with a polo field. At the end of the season, on April 11, he attended a dinner hosted by Samuel F. B. Morse in Pebble Beach; Mrs. Wallis Spencer also attended, she had come north from Coronado, San Diego where her husband was stationed, to practice polo. There is a legend that Mrs. Wallis Spencer (later Mrs. Simpson) met the Prince of Wales in Coronado in that same month.
On 7-6-1928 his horses won a First in the Novice Polo Pony class and a Second in the Heavyweight Polo Pony class at the Country Polo Pony show in Ranelagh.

In 1920 and 1922, according to the phone books, he lived in Bicester.
On 12-25-1934 Philip arrived in NYC on the ship Aquitania from Southampton; he traveled alone, lived at Cuckfield Park.

He owned Estancia La Estrella in Argentina in Balcarce County in the Pampas; this is currently a resort. He also owned a livestock ranch in the Entre Rios province of Argentina—more likley this was named Magor's.

He has his own entry in Wikipedia! It cites me!

See the Magor family document for details on his family. Beatrice Mary CLIREHUGH b. 11-17-1863 Islington, London, England
bap. 5-19-1864 Christ Church Highbury Grove, Islington
d. 2Q 1878 Kensington, England age 14
bur. 5-23-1878 Norwood Cemetery, Lambeth, London (originally South Metropolitan Cemetery) Stamford Vair CLIREHUGH b. 1-28-1868 Highbury New Park, Islington, London, England
bap. 5-14-1868 Christ Church Highbury Grove, Islington
m. Emma Warner (Sleigh) LACEY between 1902 and 1911
d. 5-17-1943 Hove, Sussex, England

Electrical engineer and consultant. He described himself as a Civil Engineer, holding the qualifications of M.I.C.E. and M.I.E.E. (MICE is a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. MIEE is a Member of the Institution of Electrical Engineers.) He was also a member of the Northern Society of Electrical Engineers; this society was eventually folded into the IEE.
Stamford was a partner in the electrical consulting firm Messrs Lacey, Clirehugh & Sillar who advised tramways on electrification in 1895 through 1902 (that I know of).
He was cited in the 2-9-1899 Railway Journal for his discussion of a paper by Horace Parshall on Electric Traction given before the Northern Society of Electrical Engineers.
Per an ASC record, he was the chief engineer to the British Insulated Wire Company. He acted as consulting engineer to over 30 local authorities in connection with Electric Traction. "Speaks French."
In 1881 during census was a "visitor" at 1 Denmark Place, Hastings St Mary In The Castle, Sussex with Percy Goldwin Belfair and wife Florence. That family included 2 visitors (inc. Stamford), 1 servant, and 1 sister-in-law.
From 1882 through 1885 he attended Harrow School where he stayed in Mr. Hutton's boarding house.
In 1891 he lived in 14 Ladbroke Terrace, Kensington, London with parents and 4 servants.
In 1892 had offices as consulting electrical engineer at Temple Chambers, Brazennose St., Manchester; telephone ALT. 2109.
In 1895 Wilson & Clirehugh had offices at 404 Fourth Floor, Temple Chambers, 38 Brazennose Street, Manchester.
In 1898 he lived at 14 Egerton Road, Fallowfield, Manchester.
On 3-31-1901 (per census) he was a consulting electrical engineer in Westminster, London at 2 Queens Ann Gate. He stayed with partner Arthur M. Sillar's family, next door was his other partner Ernest M. Lacey and his wife. It is believed he lived there, but the census record says he was a visitor.
In 1901–1903 Lacey, Clirehugh & Sillar had offices at 2 Queen Anne's Gate, London; telephone Westminster 678. Sillar was Arthur Molyneux Sillar.
In 1902 lived at Queen Anne's Mansions SW, London.
In 1903 had offices at 4 Queen Victoria Street, London; telephone Central 7234. Cited in Slater's Manchester Directory for 1903.
In 1910 Lacey, Sillar & Leigh, consulting engineers, had offices at 5 Iddesleigh mans, Caxton St., London; telephone Victoria 76. Clirehugh had departed. Leigh was Frederick Augustus Cortez Leigh. In 1910 Mr. Leigh retired.
In 1911 (census) he lived in Lewes, Sussex, age 43, with wife Emma. This would be Emma Warner Sleigh Lacey, ex-wife of Ernest Matthew Lacey, previously a partner of Stamford's.

1914–1920 served in Royal Army Service Corps (Royal ASC) as Lieutenant and Captain. Awarded campaign medals: Victory Medal, British War Medal, 1914-15 Star Medal.
In a letter dated 1-28-1918 from France: "On the outbreak of War in August 1914, at considerable sacrifice, I relinquished my practice, which, needless to say, was practically entirely personal, and joined the ranks of an Infantry Batt'ln.... In January 1915, further Infantry duty in the ranks becoming beyond my power, I accepted a Commission as Lieutenant in this Corps [Royal Army Service Corps]. In March 1918 I accompanied a unit to Alexandria [Egypt], and in July of the same year I was posted to a Supply Depot at Gallipoli, where I remained as Adjutant until the evacuation. My next employment was O.C., Supply Depot, EL FERDAN, on the [Suez] Canal. In March, 1916 I was sent to England ... regarding my unsuitability, through age and strain, for further service in the Field, I was then posted to the Aldershot Command as D.I.M.T., where I continued until January 1917. This unit has now reached the stage that it can with safety be passed to a younger and more active Officer ... I can fairly ask ... relief from the strain of actively Commanding, in the field, a small Mobile unit like this. I would also mention that there are Urgent family and business reasons. I am an only son and my father—88 years of age—has widely scattered landed and financial interests. The strain of the War, together with my absence in the Field, have become very hard upon him, and recently his health has become very bad. It is of vital importance that I be afforded an oppprtunity of personally supervising the family interests." He asks for normal service in England.
A handwritten letter two months later described the injury in France and says his wife is in a nursing home recovering from rheumatic fever.
In 1918 he was Captain in the No. 42, Divisional Supply Column. And married.
9-13-1918 "Medical Board Report of a Disabled Officer" reports Capt. Clirehugh was 50.5 years of age, stationed at G. H. Q. Irish Command, Park Gate, Dublin had right leg debility with origin 1-1918 in Bethune, France and attributable to military service. He was wounded in action. The "wound is soundly healed and gives him no trouble. He is somewhat [20%] debilitated and suffers from gout in both feet ..." Disability considered permanent. Recommended for home service.
2-16-1919 was demobilized; he relinquished his command but retained the rank of Captain.
Height 5 feet 11 inches at age 46.

In 1918 had telephone directory listing at 22 Cadogan Court, Draycott Ave., London, SW3; telephone Kensington 2455.
In 1920–1921 he was the Club Captain of the West Hove Golf Club.
The National Archives has records of title deeds and other papers concerning the Russell Estate at Watford, 1902–1959, including a mortgage for 1 Hove Park Gardens that seems to involve Stamford:

  • "Of the premises in DE/X735/T13 between Robert Helmut Lash of Nascot Wood, gentleman and Walter William Bryant of Greenwich, Kent, gentleman, and Stamford Vair Clireborough of Hove, Sussex, gentleman."
  • a Mar 1923 "transfer of the mortgage in DE/X735/T14 from Stamford Vair Clireborough of Hove, Sussex, retired major to the said Stamford Vair Clireborough and Thomas Albert Edge of Brighton, Sussex DE/X735/T15." This may have been the addition of Thomas Edge to the mortgage.

"Mrs. Clirehugh" lived at that address in 1915 per the phone book. She must have been Stamford's wife, Emma, who appeared for the first time in the 1911 census. She was living there while Stamford was away at war.
In June 1927 he won a golf club match at West Hove.
The British telephone directories provide interesting information. In 1925 and 1926 there was a SF Clirehugh in Hove and a SV Clirehugh in Martins.
In 1927 and 1929 lived at 95 Cromwell Road, Hove, Sussex. Emma died there in 1929.
In 1933 he lived in Martins, Brighton.
In 1936 he lived in Martins, Brighton.
In 1943 he died at 10 Eaton Gardens, Hove, Sussex of carcinoma of the liver and colon. That house was a registered nursing home called the Eaton Gardens Nursing Home. Probate: effects 585 to Leo Benton Morehead, engineer. -1 Emma Warner (Sleigh) LACEY b. 6-20-1870 Chiswick, Middlesex
m1. 8-1-1888 Ernest Matthew LACEY in Christ Church, Streatham, Surrey
m2. Stamford Vair CLIREHUGH between 1902 and 1911
d. 5-19-1929 95 Cromwell Road, Hove, Sussex

Parents: William Arthur Warner SLEIGH (1843–1881) and Emma Alice BIGNELL (1847–1893).
She had a sister Anne Rachel Warner Sleigh who married Frederick George Barton and had 7 children.
Emma had five sons by her first husband, between 1889 and 1902, and living descendants. One of them remembers his father saying he remembered Emma and Stamford together.
Emma also had two children by the man who had been her lawyer when she filed for divorce from Ernest in 1893: Edward Harry Adcock, who died in 1904. These children were born in 1894 and 1896.
She was cited in the 1923 and 1927 Electoral Register for London living as Emma Warner Lacey at 13K Cornwall Mansions, Allsop Place. N.W.1 with Ernest Matthew Lacey. It may have been that Ernest lived there and claimed that his wife was also there—when she wasn't.
Probate 7-19-1929. Executors were Stamford Vair Clirehugh civil engineer and Gerald Russell solicitor. Estate valued at 2528. The probate record said she was the wife of Ernest Matthew Lacey.
See the Lacey family document and Sleigh family document for details on her family.

1.1.2 Vair CLIREHUGH b. 11-14-1832 Dundee, Scotland
d. 1-5-1838 Dundee, Scotland
1.1.3 daughter CLIREHUGH b. 8-19-1839 Edinburgh, Scotland
d. 8-19-1839 St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, Scotland

"NewBorn" at 12 Charlotte Street.


Some family members lived in houses that can be classified as a mansion. They are sufficiently interesting in themselves as to warrant some discussion here (at least they are for me).

Aston Hall

Location. Aston Hall is located in Aston-on-Trent, Derbyshire.

History. The property first entered the hands of the Holden family in 1648 when it was bought by Robert Holden of Shardlow from the Hunt and Roper families. Aston Hall was rebuilt by Robert Holden, a descendant of the purchaser. The house was greatly extended by the addition of a substantial north wing and other improvements by Edward Anthony Holden who was High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1838.

In 1898, six years after marrying Laura Constance Clirehugh, William Dickson Winterbottom bought the property (1,595 acres) from the estates of Colonel Edward Charles Shuttleworth Holden. The Hall was much enlarged in 1907. William Palin Clirehugh died there in 1920. After Winterbottom's death in 1924, Aston Hall was purchased at auction by the Nottingham Corporation for use as a psychiatric hospital, which has been its main use throughout the rest of the 20th century. Towards the year 2000 the hospital was sold. More recently the mansion has been restored, renovated, and converted into residential apartments which are being sold individually.

Nancy E. A. Winterbottom married her first husband Walton Victor D'Arcy Rutherford in 1921 in Aston Park. He lived at Aston Hall in 1920.

Description. The building is a mansion of red brick, standing in extensive grounds of 8 acres and overlooking the Vale of the Trent. When it was rebuilt by Robert Holden it had three storeys and five bays. The Aston on Trent Local History Group has a nice article and photos of the house.

"It has three storeys high with central Venetian windows on the two main facades. Inside there is a good 18th century staircase and 16th or 17th century panelling in two rooms on the top floor. Ionic porches were added in the 19th century, later probably in the 1830's, the stables and outbuildings were remodelled, and at some time in the 19th century, considerable additions were made to the house. These included a fine ballroom with bay windows. The conservatory at the back was probably built on in the 1900's. A park had been created about the Hall by the 1760's and a map of the 1790's shows gardens, a fishpond (which may already have been very old) and a long narrow plantation of six acres nearby, Kelly's directories speak of 'extensive' grounds, and pleasure gardens were part of the property in the 1898 sale to Winterbottom. T.H. Mawson redesigned the garden for Winterbottom in the 1900's. There has always been a farm attached to the Hall, but after the 18th century, rebuilding farming operations were probably confined to outbuildings. By the 19th century when Winterbottom sold there was a bailiff's house and extensive farm buildings belonging to the home farm. Aston Hall and its grounds were bought by Nottingham Corporation in the 1924 sale and it has been a hospital ever since."

"The sale catalogues describe it as contains 1,561 acres and consisting of Aston Hall, its grounds and Home farm, altogether 88 acres, eight dairy and stock farms (two of them described as being in Shardlow), 14 small holdings, Alderslade House, the greater part of the village of Aston including 64 cottages, the village hall, Post Office, Blacksmiths and other shops, the White Hart Inn, the Malthouse Buildings in Derby Road, the Brickyard Plantation, the Globe or California mine at Chellaston (but within the boundaries of Aston) with the plaster mill, engine house etc., and mining rights for gypsum, the advowson of Aston Church, the reputed manors of Weston and Aston and fishing rights in the Derwent, Trent and the canal (Trent and Mersey). The two 'Shardlow' farms contained 180 acres, though the Glebe farm appears to have been in Aston; with the exception of these farms and 100 acres and more in Weston, the whole estate appears to have been in Aston."

There is an article about the house on Wikipedia.

There is a lovely presentation on Aston Hall on Sway. The presentation was created by Richard Lukey of North Yorkshire. The photographs were provided by the Historic England Archive.

Cuckfield Park

Location. Cuckfield Park is located in the town of Cuckfield, West Sussex. It is 39 miles south of London.

History. Cuckfield Park was built by Henry Bowyers in 1574 in the reign of Elizabeth I. In 1691 Charles Sergison bought it, and his family retained the estate until 1968. Widowed Laura Constance (Clirehugh) Winterbottom was living in Cuckfield Park by 1932 and died there in 1936. By 1935 Nancy E. A. (Winterbottom) Magor, who married Philip Magor in 1928, was living with her husband at Cuckfield Park. They were still living there in 1934 and 1939.

Description. The mansion is approached by a long avenue of lime trees. Several websites have pictures and descriptions:
Peregrine Bryant, architect, who apparently remodeled the home;
Photos of the home from the Francis Frith Collection;
The Private Drive leading to Cuckfield Park;
Garden World Images;
Photos of Cuckfield and neighboring areas.

Unknown Clirehughs

In 1906 Sydney Clirehugh lived in Westminster at 11F Oxford and Cambridge Mansions.

Notes for the Reader

ID: In this document, each person has an assigned ID. The ID is a segmented number where each segment is separated by a period. The number of segments indicates the generation. For example, 1.2.3 is the third child of 1.2 who is the second child of 1.0. Spouses are identified with a suffix of "-n" where n is the number of the marriage; for example, 1.2.3 -1 is the first spouse of 1.2.3.
When there is no ID, the relationship of the person to others is unknown; they may not be a relative.

Key dates are specified in MM-DD-CCYY format.

Date abbreviations: abt.: about b.: born bap.: baptized m.: married div.: divorced sep.: separated d.: died bur.: buried


Please contact me with corrections and additions or if you're a relative!

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Revision: 12-12-2019